Things To Consider When Selecting An Animal Hospital For Your Pet

It is not wrong to say that after home, an animal hospital is the next important thing for your lovely pet. It is essential to select the one for your pet so that in case of an emergency you can take your pet without any delay. You need to see that the hospital you are selecting has a specialized team of doctors and the trained staff. It is important to note that the animal hospitals aren’t just offering treatment of domestic animals and pets rather wild animals that are ill or injured in any accident.

Selecting a veterinary hospital may seem like a simple task, however there are a number of factors associated with selecting the best hospital for your needs. It is not only the location of the hospital that matters a lot, the hospital must have the hours of operation that match your work schedule.

A special bond is developed between the pets and their owners. It is for this reason; they become your very close friend or family member is a very short duration of time. When you adopt a pet, there come my responsibilities. One of these responsibilities is arranging a suitable animal hospital where general checkups as well as complicated operations in time of need are possible.

In addition to the location, it is also important to consider the services that are available with the hospital. For instance, many animal hospitals offer special appointments or programs to the new clients. They offer expert advice and treatment for elderly animals or those with serious ailments. In the very first meeting, it is important to discuss with your veterinarian what exactly are your expectations and how you want to proceed further.

In addition to above, there are a few other aspects you need to consider while selecting a suitable animal hospital for your pet. For instance you should inquire about the license of the veterinarian and find out if the hospital has a registered veterinary staff or not. There are a number of tests a registered veterinary personnel have to pass. These include the regulated state tests for treating all vets. It is important to go to a registered technician because he will have the skills and experience that are considered must for the examinations and proper treatment of the vets.

You should not allow a non-registered technician to administer pills and shots or to treat your pet as this can prove to be very dangerous. It is also important to first tour any animal hospital to interview the veterinarian. While doing so, you should observe if proper hygiene is maintained in the hospital or not; especially in the surgical rooms and examination rooms.

So, the above mentioned are a few important aspects you need to consider while selecting an animal hospital for your lovely pet.

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Santiago, Chile’s Best Hospitals

Santiago is the capital of Chile and also the largest city of the country. Santiago is the center of finance and trade in Chile and the headquarters of many multinational companies in the country are located here. The city has many well-known shopping centers and high-rise architecture and has become one of the most modern metropolitan areas of Latin America.

Santiago has many good hospitals in both public and private sectors. Many of the leading private hospitals offer world-class health care service, which is affordable too. These hospitals are well equipped and accept all major health insurance companies.

This is a brief description of some of the major hospitals in Santiago.

Clinica Las Condes located at Lo Fontecilla 441 – Las Condes, Santiago is a reputed private hospital in Chile and Latin America that has all modern medical facilities to deliver excellent health care. The hospital founded in 1978 by a famous doctor has now achieved the prestigious Joint Commission International accreditation and has affiliation with Johns Hopkins Medicine International for training. This 220-bedded modern hospital has well equipped specialties in every branches of medicine. The hospital’s surgery department is well known and performs most modern laparoscopic surgery for digestive endocrine tumors, breast surgery using advanced technique like mammography, stereotactic biopsy equipment, and trauma surgery. CLC has facilities in blood bank, clinical laboratory, diagnostic imaging, nuclear medicine and physiotherapy. The hospital has many special centers like anti smoking center, kidney stone, travel medicine, advanced center for epilepsy and spine center. Its new emergency service with separate laboratory system was built under the guidance of Johns Hopkins Hospital,US. This favorite hospital among the foreign patients offers luxurious accommodation and has agreements with all major insurance companies. Phone: (56-2 ) 210 4000

Clínica Alemana is one of the leading private hospitals in Chile and is situated at Av. Vitacura 5951 – Vitacura – Santiago. This hospital was founded by a well-reputed nonprofit foundation-“Sociedad de Beneficencia Hospital Alemán”- that has established many modern hospitals across the country. This 350-bedded hospital with 18 operating rooms offers best medical service to over 35, 000 patients annually by employing more than 700 eminent doctors and 3000 dedicated staff. This multidisciplinary healthcare facility has full-fledged departments in cardiology, ENT, neurology, pediatrics, gynecology, gastroenterology, psychology, bronchopulmonology, physical therapy and many more. Clínica Alemana has many special centers like comprehensive adolescent care unit, breast care center, center for oral and maxillofacial surgery, round the clock blood bank, radiation therapy center, maternity ward, and five well-equipped ICUs. This hospital possesses an outstanding diagnostic imaging department with service in radiology, ultrasound, nuclear medicine, mammography, MRIs, Computed Tomography and angiography. The hospital staffs some of the best surgeons in the country and its surgery department has five different kinds of operating rooms (OR) including main operating room, cardiology OR, obstetrics/ gyn OR. The hospital has well equipped emergency department with separate general emergency room and pediatric emergency room. Clínica Alemana offers comfortable accommodation in various rooms and suites including rooms for non-paying patients and provides all modern facilities. Phones: (56-2) 210 1111

Hospital San Juan De Dios situated at Huérfanos 3255, Santiago, is another major hospital in the city that offers complete and cost effective medical service. The Western Metropolitan Health Service manages this service-oriented polyclinic, founded in 1954.This is also a premier teaching hospital and has affiliation with the University of Chile. Hospital San Juan De Dios has four large buildings and staffs 332 doctors and 17 dental practitioners. The hospital has lounges and restrooms for users, well-equipped coronary care unit, new custom delivery rooms and modern Surgical ICU. The hospital has adult and children sub specialties in all major departments. The hospital has an emergency sector featuring 3 focus rooms of 19 beds, an observation room, a modern recovery room and a procedures room. Hospital San Juan De Dios has implemented AUGE system to improve care for the sick and included more than 50health problems in this like chronic renal failure, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, advanced palliative care and congenital heart diseases in children. Phone: (0)2 360 1053

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Storing Linens in a Hospital

Clean and sterile linens, changed frequently, can create the baseline of infection control at any major health care facility, but creating a proper linen care policy does not happen by accident. A hospital administrator needs to establish and enforce strict policies for storing bedding and other cloth in the hospital, whether soiled or clean.

Soiled Linens

Staff members tasked with the removal of soiled linens should be trained in the proper removal and handling of dirty sheets, towels and washcloths. While at home it may be no big deal to shake sheets out to find wayward socks, hospital staff need to be reminded that virtually every patient is a potential source of infection. Staff members should wear gloves whenever handling soiled bedding, and it should be folded toward the middle so that any contaminants in the sheets remain there.

Once the soiled bedding is collected, it should be placed in clearly marked carts or in bags which can then be closed, preventing infectious material and odors from the linens from permeating the area.

Soiled linens should then be pretreated with stain remover as necessary and placed in a loosely loaded washing machine. Stuffing as many sheets as possible into the washer is a good way to prevent cleanliness. They should be washed in hot water and detergent for a minimum of 10 minutes at 105 degrees Fahrenheit before being dried in dryers that reach a minimum of 160 degrees.

Clean Linens

Clean linens should be handled by staff members also wearing gloves to prevent them from transferring contaminants. Clean linens should be folded in an area separate from the handling area for soiled linens. Once folded, the bedding must be placed in clean laundry bags or on covered laundry carts for transporting to proper storage areas.

Unlike a home linen closet which typically gets cleaned during spring and fall cleaning or when things start tumbling down, hospital linen storage areas should be sanitized and sterilized often, preferably at least once a week. Clean linens should be kept in orderly stacks in the linen storage facility and removed only as needed. For transport between the linen storage area and the site where they are needed, clean linens should be kept on a linen cart which is sterilized daily. The cart should be kept covered.

The recommendations for hospital linen storage help prevent the spread of infectious disease and can easily be met by a professional linen service. A professional linen service can be contracted to maintain the cleanliness of the hospital’s linen storage area as well as providing clean and sanitized linens. Professional linen services can provide proper storage and delivery of hospital linens as well as inventory and linen maintenance.

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Things To Keep In Mind While Designing A Hospital Logo

Hospital services are increasing and becoming like any other corporate business day by day therefore a hospital logo should be managed like any other corporate identity.

Hospital logo design is the best way to represent the healthcare services you intend to provide to your target audience.

It is the graphic representation of your hospitals identity. By looking at the logo your target audience gets an idea of your professionalism and expertise. What things should be kept in mind while designing a hospital logo?

• What’s the hospital mission and for whom are you designing the logo for?

The first thing you should be very clear is what is the mission of the hospital? Is it providing services to the under privileged or is targeting the elites of the society.

For instance if you are targeting the underprivileged class of the society logo should reflect a warm feeling, use of soft colors with images people easily relate conveys your message to your audience in a much effective way.

A more businesslike approach is required for targeting the elite using sharp colors and images with bold outlook attracts the elites and educated class.

• Appropriate Choice for hospital logo design

Color

Color choice is very important while creating a hospital logo. It should be designed to grab the attention of the audience while giving them a sense of security and trust. Colors play an effective role in conveying what your hospital services stands for, usually red, blue, green or any bright color is used in hospital logo mainly to grab the attention.

Graphic

Most people hold the misconception that a logo should always suggest what a company does. This is not true for instance it is not always necessary to show a dry cleaning machine in a cleaning logo. Hospital logos should show the specialties that you offer, the graphics and symbols used in the logo should convey the sense of comfort and professionalism. Use of relevant medical symbols or images of the areas of specialty like orthopedics or gynecology change the entire look of the logo giving it a feel of geniuses and effectiveness.

Font

Font is yet another important part of your logo design. Using a stylish perky font for a hospital design is appropriate?? Always use a simple straight font that is readable and understandable by all audience.

Like any other business a hospital also has its own personality but most often we see almost similar logos presenting different hospitals using identical images, fonts and colors.

The most important thing for a hospital is to build trust and reliability among the audience therefore hospital logos should be designed while keeping in the mind the individuality, trust, responsibility as well as it should be compelling.

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Three Good Hospitals in Baku

The Republic of Azerbaijan is one of the previous constituent republics that made up the United Soviet Socialist Republic or the USSR. The country is located in Transcaucasia, on the shores of the Caspian Sea. It has Russia, Georgia, Armenia and Iran, as its neighbors. Azerbaijan underwent a lot of political assaults and disputes. However, as of late, it has come out of its past and is gradually developing an independent economy, by banking on its oil and gas resources. The healthcare industry is not very well developed, but it has come a long way from the past.

The country has Baku as its capital city. Baku is a top tourist spot and draws huge numbers of visitors, from all corners of the world. The medical facilities are among the best available in all of Azerbaijan. There are both public hospitals as well as privately run clinics in Baku. The public hospitals house ample beds but suffer from lack of adequate practitioners or related staff. However, for basic treatment tourists can seek the aid of these public hospitals.

The private clinics are a better option for more specialized treatment and complications. These clinics along with few international hospitals offer up to date, quality treatment to their visitors. There are separate wards for accidents and emergencies as well. The doctors are well qualified. The hospitals have labs attached that give accurate test results. The nurses are well trained and extremely caring as well. The hospitals have a sufficient number of beds. However, patients are recommended to bring their own basic toiletries as Baku clinics often fall short in that area.

Language seems to be the main concern of foreign patients of Baku hospitals. As of late it has been observed that many Baku doctor are comfortable conversing with their patients in English. It is, however, always safe to get in touch with your respective embassies, in order to obtain a list of doctors who speak your language.

The most popular hospitals and clinics among tourists visiting Baku are Western Medical, Turkish-American Medical Centre, Oil Workers Hospital, Mediclub Centre, Mediclub Paedriatic, German Medical Hospital, and Central Clinical Hospital.

MediClub Centre:

More than a traditional Hospital, the MediClub Centre can be branded as a complete medical assistance organization. Tourists can receive excellent treatment at MediClub Centre. The doctors and staff are very conversant in English, the wards are clean and there are specialized departments to treat various types of illnesses. The food served at this center is of great quality and the help lines to the clinics are open round the clock. The ambulance service is very active and will be able to provide emergency transportation easily. The doctors and nurses take proper care to ensure the satisfaction of all of their patients. All that expats need to receive care from this center is a card that allows them to access the quality services on offer by the MediClub group.

German Medical Hospital:

Set up under German authority, the German Medical hospital is one of the leading medical service providers in Baku. The staff members are well qualified and trained in the western methods of medicine. The facilities are up to date as is the equipment which is state of art. Tourists may also come across staff who possess a working knowledge of English.

Turkish-American Medical Centre:

Dating back to 1998, the Turkish-American Medical Centre is one of the most modernized medical centers that caters to tourists and residents alike. The treatment methods, labs and facilities are all at the latest standards. The staff and doctors are committed and well qualified. The hospital has departments for almost all aspects of medicine and diseases.

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Jerusalem's Best Hospitals

Jerusalem, the capital of Israel, lies in the Judean Mountains nestled between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea. Together with East Jerusalem it forms the largest city of the country. It is a great tourist attraction for religious and cultural reasons.

Bikur Cholim Hospital is situated in the heart of the city at the junction of Strauss and Hanevi'im, Jerusalem, 492. It was set up in 1826 and over the years it has emerged as one of the largest and most important hospitals of Israel. The branches of medicine for which the hospital offers treatment are surgery, pediatrics, ENT, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, nephrology, neurology and urology. The hospital also has an Alternative Medicine Clinic, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Baby Welfare Clinic and a Women's Clinic. The emergency department at the hospital offers quality services to its patients and is also the largest emergency department in Israel.

The Shaare Zedek Medical Center located at Jaffa Road is a century old hospital that provides high quality medical care. The hospital started as a modest healthcare center with 20 beds and is now a modern hospital with state of art infrastructure. It is a multidisciplinary hospital of international repute which specializes in the following fields: cardiology, cardiothoracic surgery, women's health, medical genetics, neonatology, pediatric neurology, oncology and palliative medicine, laparoscopic surgery and Gaucher's Disease. The Emergency Department at the hospital is well equipped and this department includes the Kennedy Leigh Trauma & Resuscitation.

The ALYN Pediatric and Adolescent Rehabilitation Center was set up as a voluntary organization by Dr. Henry Keller, an American orthopedist in 1932. The multidisciplinary hospital is dedicated to providing modern and advanced care to children. The hospital provides an array of medical and paramedical services that include physiotherapy, speech therapy, rehabilitation, cerebral palsy, acquired brain damage, respiratory disorders, and psychosocial problems. It is also is the leading pediatric orthopedic clinic in the country treating both simple and highly complex cases.

The St John of Jerusalem Eye Hospital Group is part of the Foundation of The Order of St John which is the oldest charity in the world. This hospital is known for its high level of services and specialization in eye related ailments throughout the West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalem. The hospital has an ISO accreditation and is staffed by well trained doctors and paramedical staff from within the country and from offshore countries as well. This modern hospital runs a 24 hours emergency room and also runs an outpatient department and treats patients regardless of their ability to pay. The hospital specializes in Retinal, Corneal and Pediatric services. The address and telephone number for the hospital are; Nashashibi Street, Sheikh Jarrah, Jerusalem 97200; Tel: 00 972 (0) 2 5828325

Hadassah's Medical Organization has two medical centers at Jerusalem; one is at Ein-Karen and the other is at Mount Scopus. Both the hospitals have a large team of doctors and support staff which makes them ready to deal with all kinds of medical emergencies and routine procedures and care. The Hadassah is known for its proficient services and contemporary infrastructure. Both the centers are multidisciplinary and the medical branches for which they provide services are orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery, oncology, rehabilitation, dermatology, ENT, endocrinology, hematology, genetics and metabolic disease, bone marrow transplant and psychiatry. The hospitals are also outfitted with Emergency Rooms, Trauma Units, Pain Clinics and Blood Banks. The Emergency Department at Ein-Karen provides comprehensive and quick care to patients for a large range of medical problems and is supported by modern technology. The Mount Scopus Emergency Department receives a large number of patients each year owing to its highly specialized care especially in the neurological and cardiac surgery field.

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Uses Of Automotive Equipment And Tools

Automotive equipment and tools are a very important part of the automobile industry. They can range from simple hand held devices to large structures that can even lift a heavy truck. The uses of these equipments in the world of automobiles cannot be undermined. For carrying out repairs, for changing a tire, for lubricating, for servicing, for charging up the battery, and for cleaning the vehicles, these equipments are very important.

Here Is A Brief Note On Some Of The Uses Of These Equipments.

Automobile Equipment Usage

* Automotive Lifts: Hydraulic lifts are very common in the industry and are used in showrooms, repair shops, and automobile factories. They generally come in the form of a platform fixed on a zigzag leg that can be raised or lowered as required. Heavy vehicles can be raised by the use of this equipment. These are how cars reach the first or second floor of a showroom or how the repairs to the lower part of vehicles are carried out in a mechanic’s shop. These lifts can be of different types like motorcycle lifts, runway lifts, drive on lifts, in-ground lifts, etc.

* Lubrication Equipments: As the name suggests, these are used to lubricate parts of the vehicle. There is a long list of lubrication equipments available and each is used for different lubrication purposes. Oil and grease reels, grease guns, oil drains, and oil and grease pumps are all examples of such commonly used equipment. Blacrank is a good brand when it comes to these equipments. Blacrank oil pumps are indisputable masters of the group.

* Compressors: Air compressors are used to do various works on automobiles. Generally, air compressors give additional pressure to drive in screws and give more power to tools like wrenches and nail guns. These are also used to remove dirt from the vehicle.

* Service Equipments: A vehicle needs to be serviced from time to time to ensure its proper running. This is where service equipments come in. These are battery chargers, fuel transfer device, brake fluid exchangers, coolant service equipment, tire changers, etc.

* Reels: These come in different shapes and sizes and are an important member of any automotive equipment list. Reels could be air reels, exhaust hose reels, grease reels, etc. Reels help to keep the pipes and hoses in place and also to extend its life. They can be easily reeled out to the required size and stored by reeling back.

* Jacks: Jacks are important not only in the shop but also for every vehicle owner. They enable the person to lift up the vehicle for the purpose of changing tires or doing some emergency repairs on the vehicle.

The list of automotive equipment is quite long and their uses quite large. Companies who sell such equipments also deal in car parts, thus making the store a one stop place for all things related to automobiles. Nowadays, there are thousands of online stores selling these equipments making them more accessible to all in need.

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Have You Seen a FBI Surveillance Van Parked in Your Street?

What do FBI surveillance vans look like? Such a vehicle may look like a flower delivery van, or a utility truck, or a black van that appears to be a stuffed bear delivery company. If the FBI is breaking the law and not using a marked van, the plate will begin with the letters SV, following a five-digit number which identifies its van number. But, in the real world the FBI can use any type of vehicle such as a RV and a Mini Cooper, to be more precise. These two vehicles can be loaded with cameras and dumped in your street for months for carrying out passive surveillance.This area is under cctv surveillance. Consequently, these vehicles are transformed into big cameras with wheels!

So, how can you identify these vehicles that are being use by the FBI for surveillance? You can usually tell if the FBI is equipping automobiles with cameras by how many are lined up at any residence. For example, if a home has four or five automobiles parked before its front lawn, this is a sure indication they are equipped with a superabundance of cameras. Another indicator: if you see a relatively new automobile parked in the street corner with a sale sign, the car might be fitted with cameras. Another indicator: do you see the same car models parking constantly around you? Do you see the same car models parked everywhere you go and around your neighborhood? If yes, this is yet another indication they are carrying cameras. Anything connected with a public service like school buses, post office, and UPS may be participating in covert surveillance operations by their vehicles being fitted with cameras. Here is yet one more indicator: automobiles that are positioned strategically for surveillance, often collect massive amount of dirt from immobility; they stand out like a sore thumb. If you see two very familiar car models parked directly across one another, this is probably a tactic of surveillance that resembles a checkpoint.

The FBI uses highly advanced surveillance radio equipment to spy on anyone. Though government surveillance is wrong and it should be clear why government surveillance of citizens is bad, some people are ignoring the vast negative consequences of big brother spying on you day and night. Government officials claim surveillance is needed to combat potential terrorist attacks, but that just a pretext, a lame excuse to justify and to keep the machinery of aggressive surveillance going strong.

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The Automobile: Profit and Status, Waste and Pollution

Originally used as basic transportation for home and business the automobile has become much more since the days of the Model T Ford. Today it supports a major industry as well as a wonderful convenience and better standard of living for so many. But the negative aspects of this great invention are now becoming more apparent.

Consider the mess that cars are making of our beautiful natural world as they spread fumes and noise into a once serene environment. And in their production and usage, cars chew up Mother Nature's resources at an increasing rate.

As in other industries the car companies' drive towards achieving greater profits has changed the way cars are produced, marketed and sold to consumers. The product that manufacturers want to sell most is not your basic transportation needs, and the advertising departments work feverishly to influence your choices. They have done a good marketing job over past decades as new owners proudly park impressive, shiny newer styled cars in their driveways, much like the TV commercials.

Automobiles are marketed aggressively for maximum corporate sales and profits as in other areas of merchandising. As long as companies need to increase their bottom line their efforts to sell products, good and sometimes bad, will be strenuous in the presence of strong competition.

This bigger, pricier car sales strategy is not new. In a dealer showroom way back in the 50's I had my mind set on a certain economy model but I was continually steered away from it. In fact the salesman refused to sell me the smaller model and I left. 35 years later and in a showroom helping my daughter with her concerns about choice and cost, the salesman turned to me and asked; "Who's buying this car, you or her?" As we headed to another dealer I remarked that he must have some personal problems, perhaps at home, maybe with his sales manager.

The automobile industry is a prime example of how shrewd marketing can sell maximum corporate benefits. Consider the car commercials on TV; They are not seriously trying to sell small and plain autos that use up the least resources. Most are for bigger and flashier styles, and with extra features that your friends will envy. Hybrids or electric cars may take the lead in future years but they will be made expensively and sold to generate maximum profit. Most by far will not be modest in design.

Along with continually remodeled styles the newest products can include frivolous gadgets and features that apparently are good selling points if marketed just right. And there has been a strategy where a model's size grows year-by-year until it's time to buy again; then your favorite model has grown in size and features and cost, and you gotta ante up considerably more than expected. Because what will your neighbors think if the choice is downsizing to a more practical purchase as the one you want to trade in?

Car commercials are amongst the noisiest on TV and can interfere with the family conversation if they are not muted. But the invasive annoying clamor attracts attention and results; It's how so much of advertising works. Rude and in-your-face works for them. In targeting the young and young at heart, commercials often sensationalize performance showing high speed maneuvers on city streets and highways. They are sending the wrong message considering the lives lost to excessive driving speeds. This is callous and harmful but it sells product. One has to wonder where the conscience of the corporate manager is hiding; Perhaps ethic is a detriment in rising to top managerial positions with some businesses.

The general outcome of many years of this massive marketing effort is that cars are now commonly purchased for superficial status, even though they may be too costly when excessive to the owner's budget or needs.

It's unfortunate that in the richer areas of the world consumers are so infatuated with these environmentally unfriendly, sleek, roomy, gadget featured, 'Look At Me' cars. But that's what they have been telling us to buy, most days of the year; and we are like sheep as we are herded towards industry showrooms.

We are being taken for a ride.

Marketing and branding are continually at work, and so the ongoing push to consume more steel, plastic, oil, and gas. But why would industry promote a basic product that represents modest, caring and friendly lifestyles when it would shrink business?

On TV during an earlier oil crisis a smiling spokesperson from the Automobile Association was defending why they aren't marketing more smaller cars. "People couldn't just sell their cars and buy smaller ones." The TV commercial which immediately followed the newsbyte was for a flashy full size SUV. Funny and grim.

Friendlier vehicles are coming off the design board as public interest in the environment rises. Can consumers resist the persuasions towards pizazz and extra extras that they could drive into the workplace parking lot? Can we practically expect them to change to economy autos? Granted, there is a case for increased comfort for longer commutes, but where is the practical limit?

Let's face it, this inefficient, costly and unnatural way to get around must be changed. It may be necessary to own a car to get to work, school and shopping; That's the way planning has designed our urban layouts, but that has turned out to be one big mistake.

Even if we are inclined to use public transportation it probably isn't there or not practical to use if the government has had other interests. And if it is available and convenient it probably still isn't what most of would consider; every one else is driving and peter has a new super spitter xyz !!

The public's desire for improving the way we live and treat the environment will change, but it will not be easy if we are continually confronted with massive persuasions to consume more. This necessary means of transportation needs a review of its design, marketing, and effects on society. The average person does not need luxury on wheels when spending only a few hours a week in the car. Nor does the car require fast speed and polluting power to drive within the speed limit. A description of the fuel efficient car should include: The smallest vehicle that will suit your transportation needs in reasonable comfort.

The automobile must take a less destructive and healthier place in our society, but can it happen? When the car industry hit a brick wall during the financial crisis the bailed out industry reorganized, redesigned and retooled for energy efficiency to some degree. Then came the familiar and glitzy, 'Show Me Off' ads. There is little advertising of small and simple transportation – so they can later proclaim that people did not want to buy them.

Why not review your automobile requirements to see if you can make some changes to more basic, downsized selection. And consider a reduction in usage. If public transit is available give it a try. I have been positively surprised at how convenient and relaxing transit riding can be. The ride is free time, and there are no expensive parking requirements when you arrive.

Businesses must continue to make money and so a drive into a brick wall may lie ahead unless politicians make a serious timed effort to tackle these problems for society and nature.

If the emerging economies follow the same pattern that we have, won't this world be one big ugly mess?

Albert Einstein once noted, "We shall require a substantially new manner of thinking if mankind is to survive." We had better start changing soon as we are running out of time.

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Automobile Dealers – Do You Really Have a Right to Refuse New Vehicles?

According to a recent article in the NY Times:

The Chrysler Group said Monday that it had not yet accounted for tens of thousands of cars in its inventory numbers, which are already considered high by industry standards. Chrysler said it had routinely excluded these vehicles, worth billions of dollars, from its tally of unsold cars and trucks because they had not yet been assigned to a specific dealer or ordered by a customer. (New York Times, October 24, 2006)

When I began learning about the automotive industry, dealers and manufacturers had a name for manufactured, but unordered vehicles. That name was: “sales bank.” The “sales bank” is a practice that the manufacturers allege they abandoned after being ravaged by the system during the oil crises of the 1970s.

By the early 1980s, when the dust settled, Automotive News was running stories like:

Ernest D’Agostino of Rhode Island filed suit, in the U.S. District Court against Chrysler Corporation, alleging Chrysler terminated his franchise because he refused to buy “gas guzzlers” — large cars with low gas mileage. A federal court jury found against Chrysler and Chrysler, in an unreported case, appealed. Chrysler agreed to drop its appeal and paid D’Agostino a settlement (Automotive News, October 1982); and

Fred Drendall, of Drendall Lincoln-Mercury/Pontiac sued Ford Motor Company alleging that when he attempted to cancel orders he was intimidated by Ford spokesmen and when he bowed to the pressure and ordered the vehicles, the high flooring costs forced him to refinance his dealership. He was eventually was terminated and suffered a heart attack. (Automotive News, December 1982).

Those were hard times in the car business.

Today, most Sales and Service Agreements have provisions such as the following:

2. (D) STOCKS. The dealer shall maintain stocks of current models of such lines or series of VEHICLES, of an assortment and in quantities as are in accordance with Company GUIDES therefor, or adequate to meet the Dealer’s share of current and anticipated demand for VEHICLES in the DEALER’S LOCALITY. The Dealer’s maintenance of VEHICLE stocks shall be subject to the Company’s filling the Dealer’s orders therefor. (Ford Motor Company, Mercury Sales and Service Agreement, Standard Provisions.)

Most states, however, have Dealer Day in Court Acts with provisions such as:

Art. 4413(36), SUBCHAPTER E. PROHIBITIONS. Sec 5.02. Manufacturers; Distributors; Representatives. (b) It is unlawful for any manufacturer, distributor, or representative to: (1) Require or attempt to require any dealer to order, accept delivery or pay anything of value, directly or indirectly, for any motor vehicle, appliance, part, accessory or any other commodity unless voluntarily ordered or contracted for by such dealer. (Texas Motor Vehicle Commission Code)

It shall be unlawful and a violation of this code for any manufacturer, manufacturer branch, distributor, or distributor branch licensed under this code to coerce or attempt to coerce any dealer in this state: (a) To order or accept delivery of any motor vehicle, part or accessory thereof, appliance, equipment or any other commodity not required by law which shall not have been voluntarily ordered by the dealer. (Section 11713.2 California Vehicle Code)

In addition to state laws, the National Dealer Day in Court Act also proscribes manufacturer and distributors from coercing a dealer into accepting “automobile, parts, accessories, or supplies which the dealer does not need, want or feel the market is able to absorb.” 1956 U.S.Code.Cong. & Admin.News, page 4603.

But, the law is always a two-edged sword and there is generally a fine line drawn between actions that are proper and actions that are improper. For example, it has long been settled that a dealer’s refusal to take all of the manufacturer’s line of vehicles, choosing instead to sell a competitor’s models, is grounds for termination. See, for example: Randy’s Studebaker Sales, Inc. v. Nissan Motor Corporation, 533 F.2d 510 (10th Cir. 1976), at 515.

Consequently, prior to deciding whether to accept or reject delivery of vehicles, a dealer should check with a competent automotive attorney, that is familiar with the laws in the jurisdiction where the vehicles are to be delivered, with respect to his or her particular circumstances.

Note: This article is not intended to provide legal advice, nor should it be interpreted as so doing.

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